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Resistance to Passion fruit woodiness virus in Transgenic Passionflower Expressing the Virus Coat Protein Gene

    Affiliations
    Authors and Affiliations
    • F. Trevisan
    • B. M. J. Mendes , Laboratório de Biotecnologia Vegetal, CENA/USP, 13400-970 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
    • S. C. Maciel , Dept. de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, ESALQ/USP, 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
    • M. L. C. Vieira , Dept. de Genética, ESALQ/USP, 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
    • L. M. M. Meletti , Centro de Fruticultura, Instituto Agronômico, 13020-902 Campinas, SP, Brazil
    • J. A. M. Rezende , Dept. de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, ESALQ/USP, 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

      Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1026

      We report the use of the coat protein (CP) gene from Passion fruit woodiness virus (PWV) to produce resistant transgenic plants of yellow passion fruit. A full-length CP gene from a severe PWV isolate from the state of São Paulo, Brazil (PWV-SP) was cloned into pCAMBIA 2300 binary vector, which was further introduced into Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA 105. Leaf disks were used as explants for transformation assays, e.g., 2,700 and 2,730 disks excised from plants from the Brazilian cultivars IAC-275 and IAC-277, respectively. In vitro selection was performed in kanamycin. After transferring to the elongation medium, 119 and 109 plantlets of IAC-275 and IAC-277, respectively, were recovered. Integration of the PWV CP gene was confirmed in seven of eight plants evaluated by Southern blot analysis, showing different numbers of insertional events for the CP gene. Three transgenic plants (T3, T4, and T7) expressed the expected transcript, but the 32 kDa PWV CP was detected by Western blot in only two plants (T3 and T4). The results of three successive mechanical inoculations against the transgenic plants using three PWV isolates showed that the primary transformant T2 of IAC-277 was immune to all isolates.