Population Biology of Pseudoperonospora humuli in Oregon and Washington
- Hee Youn Chee
- Mark E. Nelson
- Gary G. Grove
- Kenneth C. Eastwell
- Stephen T. Kenny
- Robert E. Klein , Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, 24106 N. Bunn Rd., Prosser 99350
Pseudoperonospora humuli populations from Oregon and Washington were analyzed for genetic variation using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF) markers. The genetic structure of the Oregon and Washington populations differed considerably. There was little genetic diversity in Washington, with only five RAPD and six DAF groups detected among 40 isolates tested. One genotype was predominant in Washing-ton. In contrast, 18 RAPD and 34 DAF groups were found among the 40 isolates tested from Oregon. No unique band profile associated with host cultivar was observed. It is suggested that the distinct difference in population structure between the two geographic regions might be due to climatic differences resulting in a higher frequency of sexual reproduction of P. humuli in Oregon than in Washington.