In-Depth Understanding of the Genetic Control of Stripe Rust Resistance (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) Induced in Wheat (Triticum aestivum) by Trichoderma asperellum T34

    Authors and Affiliations
    • Samar M. Esmail1
    • Ghady E. Omar1
    • Amira M. I. Mourad2 3
    1. 1Wheat Disease Research Department, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt
    2. 2Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Germany
    3. 3Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

    Published Online:

    Wheat stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. tritici Erikss.) causes severe yield losses worldwide. Due to the continuous appearance of new stripe rust races, resistance has been broken in most of the highly resistant genotypes in Egypt and worldwide. Therefore, looking for new ways to resist such a severe disease is urgently needed. Trichoderma asperellum strain T34 has been known as an effective bioagent against many crop diseases. It exists naturally in Egyptian fields. Therefore, in our study, the effectiveness of strain T34 was tested as a bioagent against wheat stripe rust. For this purpose, 198 spring wheat genotypes were tested for their resistance against two different P. striiformis f. tritici populations collected from the Egyptian fields. The most highly aggressive P. striiformis f. tritici population was used to test the effectiveness of strain T34. Highly significant differences were found between strain T34 and stripe rust, suggesting the effectiveness of strain T34 in stripe rust resistance. A genome-wide association study identified 48 gene models controlling resistance under normal conditions and 46 gene models controlling strain T34-induced resistance. Of these gene models, only one common gene model was found, suggesting the presence of two different genetic systems controlling resistance under each condition. The pathways of the biological processes were investigated under both conditions. This study provided in-depth understanding of genetic control and, hence, will accelerate the future of wheat breeding programs for stripe rust resistance.

    Literature Cited