SPECIAL REPORT

Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Method to Detect the Potato Zebra Chip Pathogen ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) and Differentiate Haplotypes A and B

    Affiliations
    Authors and Affiliations
    • Junye Jiang1 2
    • Will Feindel1 2
    • Kylie Swisher Grimm3
    • Michael Harding4
    • David Feindel2
    • Stacey Bajema1
    • Jie Feng2
    1. 1Potato Growers of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T5Y 6H3, Canada
    2. 2Alberta Plant Health Lab, Alberta Agriculture, Forestry, and Rural Economic Development (AAFRED), Edmonton, AB T5Y 6H3, Canada
    3. 3USDA-ARS Temperate Tree Fruit and Vegetable Research Unit, Prosser, WA 99350, U.S.A.
    4. 4Crop Diversification Centre South, AAFRED, Brooks, AB T1R 1E6, Canada

    Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-22-2258-SR

    Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) is the causal agent of zebra chip of potato (Solanum tuberosum), which can significantly reduce potato yield. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the detection of Lso haplotypes A and B was developed and evaluated. Two sets of LAMP primers named LAMP-A and LAMP-B were designed and tested for specificity and sensitivity. Both LAMP-A and LAMP-B were specific to Lso in in silico analysis using the Primer-Blast tool. The LAMP-A and LAMP-B could only produce positive signals from DNA mixtures of Lso-infected tomato but not from the genomic DNA of 37 nontarget plant pathogens. The sensitivity of LAMP-A and LAMP-B on Lso haplotypes A and B were tested on gBlocks and genomic DNA from Lso-infected tomato. On the genomic DNA for LAMP-A, the lowest amount of template DNA for a positive LAMP reaction was 2 to 20 ng on four haplotype A strains and 20 to 80 ng on four haplotype B strains; for LAMP-B, the lowest amount of template DNA for a positive LAMP reaction was 0.02 to 2 ng on four haplotype B strains and 20 ng to no amplification on four haplotype A strains. On gBlocks for LAMP-A, the lowest number of copies for a positive LAMP reaction was 60 on haplotype A and 600 on haplotype B; for LAMP-B, the lowest number of copies for a positive LAMP reaction was 60 on haplotype B and 600 on haplotype A. Therefore, considering the convenience of the LAMP technique, as well as the high specificity and sensitivity, the LAMP-A and LAMP-B primers can be used together to test the probable Lso-infected plant or psyllid samples to rapidly, accurately, and directly differentiate haplotypes A and B. We highly recommend this LAMP system to plant pathology practitioners and diagnostic labs for routine detection of Lso and confirmation of zebra chip disease on potato or tomato.

    Literature Cited