Report of Bacterial Leaf Spot on Collards and Turnip Leaves in Ohio
- M. L. Lewis Ivey
- S. Wright
- S. A. Miller , Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural and Research Development Center, Wooster 44691
In 2000, circular water-soaked lesions typical of bacterial leaf spot were observed on leaves of collards (Brassica oleracea L. var. viridis) throughout commercial fields in northwest Ohio. Light brown, rectangular, water-soaked lesions were observed on turnip leaves (Brassica rapa L.). Bacterial streaming from lesions on both crops was observed microscopically. Cream colored, fluorescent colonies were isolated from diseased tissues on Pseudomonas F medium, and eight representative colonies (four from collards and four from turnip) were selected and purified. Fatty acid methyl ester analysis was performed on all of the isolates. Two from collards and two from turnip were identified as Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (mean similarity index = 0.82 [MIDI Inc., Newark, DE]). DNA extracts from pure cultures of the P. syringae pv. maculicola strains were used as template in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay with primers derived from the region of the coronatine gene cluster controlling synthesis of the coronafacic acid moiety found in P. syringae pv. tomato and P. syringae pv. maculicola (CorR and CorF2) (D. Cuppels, personal communication). DNA from P. syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 and P. syringae pv. maculicola strain 88–10 (2) served as positive controls, while water and DNA from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria strain Xcv 767 were used as negative controls. The expected 0.65-kb PCR product was amplified from three of four strains (two from turnip and one from collards) and the positive control DNA, but not from the negative controls. Pathogenicity tests were performed twice on 6-week-old turnip (‘Forage Star’, ‘Turnip Topper’, ‘Turnip Alamo’, ‘Turnip 7’), collard (‘Champion’) and mustard (Brassica juncea L. ‘Southern Giant Curl’) seedlings using the three PCR-positive strains. Premisted seedlings were spray-inoculated separately with each of the three strains (2 × 108 CFU/ml, 5 ml per plant) and a water control. Greenhouse temperatures were maintained at 20 ± 1°C. For both tests, all strains caused characteristic lesions on all of the crucifer cultivars within 5 days after inoculation; the control plants did not develop symptoms. To satisfy Koch's postulates, one of the turnip strains was reisolated from ‘Turnip Topper’ plants, and the collard strain was reisolated from ‘Champion’ plants. The three original and two reisolated strains induced a hypersensitive response in Mirabilis jalapa L. and Nicotiana tabacum L. var. xanthia plants 24 h after inoculation with a bacterial suspension (1 × 108 CFU/ml). The original and reisolated strains were compared using rep-PCR with the primer BOXA1R (1). The DNA fingerprints of the reisolated strains were identical to those of the original strains. To our knowledge, this is the first report of bacterial leaf spot on commercially grown collards and turnip greens in Ohio.
References: (1) B. Martin et al. Nucleic Acids Res. 20:3479, 1992. (2) R. A. Moore et al. Can. J. Microbiol. 35:910, 1989.